African Wildlife Solutions (AWS) is part of Green Rural African Development which is a non profit organisation established in 2012 in Kenya. In 2013, GRAD, trading as AWS, expanded to include GRAD Zambia.  

Over the years, AWS has developed, tested and proved that there are practical and affordable Wildlife Deterrent Systems (WDS) which can  alleviate Human Wildlife Conflict (HWC). We have focused on Lion and Elephant Deterrent Systems (LEDs).


At AWS, we want to promote co-existence of people and wildlife by mitigating Human Wildlife Conflicts (HWC) over Africa. As HWC is considered by many experts to be the major reason for the demise of the African wildlife, we think it’s more than urgent to install viable solutions in the rurals areas where the human population continues to increase.

AWS wants to provide security for the people and  the animals. In order to that, we plan to create safe and secure communities free of the constant threat of elephant invasions and allow the elephants to migrate freely around those communities. Once security is provided for local communities, our aim is to enable them to enhance their lives by allowing them to achieve  subtainable livelihoods.


For many years now, Africa is facing a big issue. As the human population increases and settlements become more and more widespread, savannas and forests are shrinking.

Ever-increasing human settlement, farming, pastoralism, development for agricultural, industrial and housing purposes are all eating away at the natural habitats for wildlife. The wildlife is being pressurized to survive in shrinking land areas.

We are now in front of a very serious possibility of elephants, lions, and other species becoming extinct within the very near future. In the early 1800’s there were an estimated 27 million elephants in Africa, today there are less than 400,000 i.e., less than 1.5% compared to only 200 years ago!!

This reduction of wildlife land and the endless increase of human population often leads to encounters, which are problematic - often life threatening, and this is where the HWC start !

Reducing HWC is critical to save wildlife and also to improve the quality of life of rural communities. Serious effective actions must be taken immediately and we have significant solutions. The animals are just seeking food and in their need to eat can destroy crops, property, and occasionally lives. As you can imagine, hungry elephants and lions can make life very difficult for your average rural farmer / pastoralist in Africa!